Fondazione Ansaldo

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Fondazione Ansaldo
 

Savona Plant

1,534 envelopes and registers (1896-1984)

The origins of the Savona plant date back to 1861 and the initiatives of Savoyards Giuseppe Tardy and Stefano Benech. Equipped from the outset with reverberatory furnaces for smelting scrap and small rolling mills for bars,

in just a few years the plant came to also include a cast-iron foundry, an iron construction yard and an engineering workshop.

Between 1880 and 1885 an open-hearth steelworks and rolling mills for profile sections, rails and sheet metal were built. The industrial crisis in the 1890s led to the temporary closure of the plant, which in 1892 was taken over by the German company Bochumer Verein, the company's main creditor.

After being transferred to the Società degli Alti Forni, Fonderie e Acciaierie di Terni (Terni Blast Furnaces, Foundries and Steelworks Co.), the plant was enlarged and upgraded, and the Siderurgica di Savona steelworks company was formed to manage it; this company and the plant was merged with the Ilva Alti Forni e Acciaierie d'Italia in 1918.

In the period between the wars, the plant was significantly upgraded and Ferrorotaie's Vado Ligure workshop and Ferrobates' Savona-Fornaci plant were added to it. All the plant's departments were severely damaged during the Second World War. In 1946 the Savona-Fornaci and Vado Ligure sections were transferred into an independent unit under the name "Vado Meccanico", and the rolling mills were stopped and the steelworks eventually closed between 1950 and 1953.

New departments and new production processes came online, and the Savona plant was joined by the Cogoleto plant, which in 1964 was transferred to Tubi Ghisa. In the late 1970s the most significant production of the Savona plant was composed of: railway and special carriages; brackets, rollers and drums for conveyor belts; industrial pre-processed parts for specific uses; specific cast-iron castings and those for ingot moulds; rolling mill cylinder replacements and other steelworking components; spare parts for steelworking plants and machinery.

In 1980 the cast-iron foundry was closed and a reorganisation programme began, involving concentration of the engineering activities. On 1 November 1990 the plant's activities were transferred to the company OMSAV - Officine Meccaniche Savonesi (Savona Engineering Workshops).

Preserved documentation:

Board of directors meetings minutes;
Financial statements;
Plant management and secretarial archive;
Correspondence records;
Letter-book;
Cash records;
Ledgers;
Stock records;
Daybooks;
Personnel registers;
Accident records;
Organisational circulars;
War damage;
Union documentation;
Publicity materials r
elating to Siderurgica di Savona and, from 1918, to the Savona Plant

 

Archives and Collections


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